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Boat Renaming Ceremony




> University of California-Los Angeles
> 
> Contact: David Brown, dbrown@ea.ucla.edu
>          (310) 206-0540
> 
> January 7, 1999
> 
> Internet turns 30
> 
> This year marks the 30th anniversary of the birth of the Internet at UCLA
> 
> It was on the UCLA campus in 1969 that the first Internet connection was
> established, ushering in a new method of communication that today spans
> the
> globe and touches the lives of millions worldwide.
> 
> The federal government chose UCLA to become the first node of what was
> then
> known as the ARPANET because the faculty included Professor Leonard
> Kleinrock, whose research into "packet switching" provided the
> technological foundation upon which the network was to be built.
> 
> The ARPANET -- which later became the Internet -- was funded by the
> Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), created in 1958 to support
> scientific research in the United States. Its creation was prompted by the
> Soviet Union's success in placing the "Sputnik" satellite in space.
> 
> ARPA had been supporting a number of computer scientists around the
> country
> in the 1960s. As each new researcher was added, ARPA had to provide him
> with a computer, and each researcher asked for all the special
> capabilities
> that existed in the many unique computers that ARPA was supporting. By
> connecting the existing computers together via a data network, ARPA
> officials reasoned, the community of scientists would be able to gain
> access to the special features of all those specialized computers.
> 
> The first network switch, known as an Interface Message Processor (IMP),
> arrived at UCLA on the Labor Day weekend 1969. The UCLA team led by
> Kleinrock had to connect the first host computer to the IMP. This was a
> challenging task since no such connection had ever been attempted before.
> However, by the end of that first day, bits began moving between the UCLA
> computer and the IMP. By the next day, researchers had messages moving
> between the machines.
> 
> "Little did those pioneers realize what they had created," Kleinrock said,
> reflecting upon history. "In fact, most of the ARPA-supported researchers
> were opposed to joining the network for fear that it would enable
> outsiders
> to load down their 'private' computers," he added.
> 
> By December 1969, four sites were connected: UCLA, Stanford Research
> Institute, UC Santa Barbara and the University of Utah. UCLA was in charge
> of conducting a series of extensive tests to debug the network. Under
> Kleinrock's supervision, UCLA served for many years as the ARPANET Network
> Measurement Center.
> 
> In one ambitious experiment during the mid-1970s, researchers at UCLA were
> able to control a geosynchronous satellite hovering over the Atlantic
> Ocean
> by sending messages through the network from California to an East Coast
> satellite dish.
> 
> Ten nodes spanning the United States had been connected by the summer of
> 1970. Kleinrock noted that the Cambridge-based computer company which
> designed the original IMP -- Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) -- never
> imagined there would be a need for more than 64 host computers in the
> network and provided only that number of connections. Today, of course,
> there are over 50 million computers attached to the Internet -- and that
> number is expanding at a phenomenal rate; moreover, traffic on the
> Internet
> doubles every 100 days.
> 
> Curiously enough, electronic mail (e-mail), which today is a major
> component of the network traffic, was an ad-hoc, add-on to the network in
> those early days, Kleinrock said.
> 
> The ARPANET evolved into the Internet in the 1980s and was discovered by
> the commercial world toward the end of that decade. Originally conceived
> and built by -- and for -- the scientific research community, it is
> dominated today by the commercial sector.
> 
> "Indeed, no one in those early days predicted how enormously successful
> and
> pervasive data networking would become," Kleinrock said.
> -end-
-- 
Bob Schimmel
Spruce Grove, Alberta
Canada
San Juan 23 Internet Fleet:   http://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/Trails/5492/
This list sponsored by PEAK,Inc., ISP and Education Center, Corvallis, Oregon


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